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    Artificial intelligence will help speed up the development of optical computers

    The winner of the National Prize in the field of future technologies “Challenge”, Vice President for Photonics, Head of the Laboratory of Hybrid Photonics at the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech, part of the VEB group. RF) Professor Pavlos Lagoudakis said “ Kommersant about the extent to which his research is facilitated by the development of artificial intelligence (AI).

    “In the work of our laboratory,” said Pavlos Lagoudakis, “one direction of AI is mainly used – machine training (machine learning, ML). With the help of machine learning, we can analyze the data obtained during our experiments much faster. Also, with the help of machine learning, you can find solutions to problems with higher accuracy and speed than without its use.”

    “One of the employees in our laboratory works in AI and machine learning. But for now we consider artificial intelligence as a tool for the accelerated development of devices created in our laboratory,” added Pavlos Lagoudakis.

    Photonics is an advanced branch of science and technology involving the use of lasers and other optical devices to transmit, store and process information. Photonics is often called the electronics of the future. Domestic scientists are the founders of the fundamental principles of this scientific direction. In 1964, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Alexander Basov and Nikolai Prokhorov – for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which led to the creation of generators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle; in 2000, Zhores Alferov – for the development of semiconductor heterostructures and the creation fast opto- and microelectronic components. In Russia, the photonics roadmap was drawn up in 2013.

    Pavlos Lagoudakis, winner of the Challenge Award in the Breakthrough category, for his advanced research in the creation of polariton-based computing devices and the development of an optical transistor. In 2017, a group of Skoltech scientists led by Pavlos presented the first polariton simulator based on analog computing. In 2019 – the first polariton transistor operating at room temperatures. In 2023, a method for switching a polariton Bose-Einstein condensate at room temperature with a single photon was patented.

    The National Challenge Award for Future Technologies is dedicated to the Decade of Science and Technology announced in 2022 and is designed to celebrate breakthrough ideas and inventions that change the landscape of modern science and the life of every person. The founder of the prize is the Foundation for the Development of Scientific and Cultural Relations “Challenge” together with Gazprombank with the support of the Moscow government. The general partner of the award is the state corporation Rosatom.

    Interviews of all winners of the Challenge award are in our special project.

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